LEAPs and Bounds

by Yvette Marie B. Santiago, MD

PAO’s Lifelong Educational Access Program (LEAP) continues to extend its reach to members in the provinces through webinar-based instructional courses. The last 4 courses included web pods in Cebu, Davao, Pampanga, Cabanatuan, Batac, and Leyte.

“Understanding Disease Pathology and Applying Evidence-based Treatment” was the recurring theme for this year’s instructional courses.

On June 22, the Vitreo-Retina Society of the Philippines and Philippine Cornea Society presented “CONES and STROKES: Pathophysiology and Evidence-based Treatment of Keratoconus and Retinal Vascular Occlusion” at The Medical City. Dr. Frances Marie Roa-Lingad explained the pathophysiology of keratoconus while Dr. Anna Lisa Yu-Matteo discussed evidence-based presentation regarding collagen cross-linking. On the “STROKES” side, Dr. Romulo Aguilar gave a practical discussion of the pathophysiology of retinal vascular occlusions and secondary macular edema. Dr. Danilo Constantino then extensively presented its evidence-based treatment.


The Philippine Society of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus and Low Vision Interest Group (LVIC) hosted “Shake, Rattle, and Roll” on July 21 at the Makati Medical Center. Dr. Badj Bolinao talked about nystagmus, Dr. Michelle Lingao described the pathophysiology and evidence-based treatment of Ocular Albinism, and Dr. Fabian de Jesus discussed Low Vision Management in Children. The course was moderated by Drs. Ronald Tan and Pamela Astudillo.



“COMPARE/CONTRAST: NTG vs. NAION” was the topic on August 17, again, held at Makati Medical Center. Philippine Glaucoma Society was represented by Dr. Rigo Daniel Victor Reyes and Dr. Hannah Pia de Guzman to discuss normal tension glaucoma. Dr. April Dizon and Dr. Jaime Lynne Narciso of the Neuro-Ophthalmology Society of the Philippines reviewed the pathophysiology and treatment of non-arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy, respectively.



The last instructional course for 2016 followed a different format. It was an interactive forum hosted by the Philippine Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery and PAO’s Ethics Committee on September 21 at The Medical City. The program was moderated by Drs. Richard Kho and Marge Lat-Luna while Dr. Rey Santos, Dr. Carlos Naval, and Dr. Ivo Dualan comprised the ethics panel. Chief Residents of 4 training institutions, namely, (Dr. Maria Angelica Villano, Dr. Paul Siopongco, Dr. Kathleen Faye Buyucan and Dr. Giancarlo Rosales) were also there to share their views and opinions on ethical issues that residents face while in training. The thought provoking topics included ghost surgery, “keep sterile for the next case”, and complicated cataract cases. The discussion was then consolidated by Dr. Carmela Ongsiako, on behalf of Dr. Benjamin Cabrera, who presented evidence of ethical considerations. She concluded that there is, in fact, no literature that reliably discusses these issues.





About The Author

Dr. Yvette Marie Santiago is an Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon who has been a part of the eFP editorial staff since 2012 and was editor-in-chief from 2014-2015. Apart from being passionate about anything that has to do with the orbits, she is a shopaholic in denial and an obsessed gastronome with an indomitable wanderlust. She dreams of someday enrolling herself at the International Culinary Center in New York, so that she can learn how to cook all the fine food that she wants.